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Time Periods
Name
Museums contain artifacts that provide recorded documentation of historical
and cultural evolution.

B.C.E.: "Before Common Era"  or "Before Christian Era"
C.E.    :  Common Era
B.C.    :  Before Christ
A.D.    : "anno Domini "in the year of the Lord" (since the birth of Christ)
c.         : circa (i.e., approximate, around, about)
c. 13.7B
years ago
Universe
c. 4.5B
years ago
Earth
c 2.4B to 2.1B
years ago
(Huronian Ice Age)
There have been at least five major ice ages in the
earth's past (the Huronian, Cryogenian,
Andean-Saharan, Karoo Ice Age and the Quaternary
glaciation). Outside these ages, the Earth seems to
have been ice-free even in high latitudes.

Rocks from the earliest well established ice age,
called the Huronian, formed around 2.4 to 2.1 Ga
(billion years) ago during the early Proterozoic Eon.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age
UCI ~ I See You
Time Periods
Name
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
c. 850M - 630M
years ago
(Cryogenian Ice
Age)
The next well-documented ice age, and probably the most severe of the last
billion years, occurred from 850 to 630 million years ago (the Cryogenian
period) and may have produced a Snowball Earth in which glacial ice sheets
reached the equator, possibly being ended by the accumulation of
greenhouse gases such as CO2 produced by volcanoes.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age
c. 460M - 420M
years ago
(Andean-Saharan
Ice Age)
The Andean-Saharan occurred from 460 to 420 million years ago, during the
Late Ordovician and the Silurian period.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
c. 360M - 260M
years ago
(Karoo Ice Age)
The evolution of land plants at the onset of the Devonian period caused a
long term increase in planetary oxygen levels and reduction of CO2 levels,
which resulted in the Karoo Ice Age. It is named after the glacial tills found in
the Karoo region of South Africa, where evidence for this ice age was first
clearly identified. There were extensive polar ice caps at intervals from 360
to 260 million years ago in South Africa during the Carboniferous and early
Permian Periods.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age
c. 225M years ago -
present
(click on picture)
c. 65M
years ago
Astroid impacted the earth at the Yucatan Peninsula resulting in a 180km
(diameter) crater causing a catastophic global event resulting in the
extinction of the dinosaurs along with many other animals and organisms.
c. 4.4M
years ago
Yohannes Haile-Selassie and other scientists announced October 1, 2009,
the discovery of the oldest fossil skeleton of a human ancestor.  
Ardipithecus ramidus—belonged to a small-brained, 110-pound (50-
kilogram) female nicknamed
"Ardi."

The Ardipithecus ramidus fossils were discovered in Ethiopia's harsh Afar
desert at a site called Aramis in the Middle Awash region, just 46 miles (74
kilometers) from where Lucy's species, Australopithecus afarensis, was
found in 1974. Radiometric dating of two layers of volcanic ash that tightly
sandwiched the fossil deposits revealed that Ardi lived 4.4 million years ago.

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/
10/091001-oldest-human-skeleton-ardi-missing-link-
chimps-ardipithecus-ramidus.html
c. 3.2M
years ago
Perhaps the world's most famous early human
ancestor, the 3.2-million-year-old ape
"Lucy" was
the first
Australopithecus afarensis skeleton ever
found, though her remains are only about 40
percent complete (photo of Lucy's bones).

Discovered in 1974 by paleontologist Donald C.
Johanson in
Hadar, Ethiopia, A. afarensis was for
about 20 years the earliest known human
ancestor species.

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006
/09/060920-lucy.html

The Bones of Lucy ~ The Network Journal ~
Retrieved-2015-12-26a
The Bones of Lucy ~ The Network Journal ~
Retrieved-2015-12-26b
c. 2.58M
years ago
(Quaternary Glaciation)
The current ice age, the Pliocene-Quaternary glaciation, started about 2.58
million years ago during the late Pliocene, when the spread of ice sheets in
the Northern Hemisphere began. Since then, the world has seen cycles of
glaciation with ice sheets advancing and retreating on 40,000- and
100,000-year time scales called glacial periods, glacials or glacial advances,
and interglacial periods, interglacials or glacial retreats. The earth is
currently in an interglacial, and the last glacial period ended about 10,000
years ago. All that remains of the continental ice sheets are the Greenland
and Antarctic ice sheets and smaller glaciers such as on Baffin Island.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
c. 170K - 150K B.C.E.
Oma I and Oma II fossil remains (M168 – Mitochondrial DNA)
Source: National Geographic ~ Genographic Project
c. 55K B.C.E.
There were no people on Earth except Africans until 55,000 years ago. - Dr
Ivan Van Sertima
c. 26K - 30K B.C.E.
Humans successfully migrated out of continental Africa to other continents.
Source1: Modern Humans Came Out of Africa
Source2: Early Humans Settled Globe Gradually
c. 10,000-4000 B.C.E.
Kemet and Sumer Gods and Dynasties
(Pre-dynastic Period
)
c. 10,000-6000 B.C.E.
Stellar Calendar in use by the ancient Nile Valley Africans and other Africans
of the Great Lakes regions.
Source: A Chronology of the Bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 4100-4000 B.C.E.
Solar Calendar in use by the ancient Nile Valley Africans around Heliopolis.  
The Book of the Coming Forth by Day and by Night was introduced in its
revised state, also known today as The Book of the Dead (as translated from
hieroglyph to English by Sir Ernest A. Wallis Budge, London, England, 1885
C.E.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 3760 B.C.E.
Beginning of the "World" (Creation Story according to the Hebrews'
adaptation of Moses' Pentateuch much later on).
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 3200 B.C.E.
Memphis, early capital of Ta-Merry during Aha's reign--founder of the First
Dynasty.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 8) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
Kingdoms of North Africa and Ancient Egypt
Archaic Period
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
 
Nile Valley Civilization
c. 3100 - 2686 B.C.E.
Early Dynastical: Lower Egypt

Dynastic period begin under the Nubian named Aha or Narmer whom
Herodutus called "Menes"
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
Ancient Empire (1st - 8th Dynasties)
c. 2815 - 2400 B.C.E.
Old Kingdom
Early Dynastical: Upper Egypt (1st - 2nd Dynasties)
c. 2780 - 2680 B.C.E.
(conflict dates: some
sources place this period
c.2668 - 2649 B.C.E.)
Old Kingdom (3rd dynasty)
  1. 3rd Dynasty: Teachings of Imhotep adviser to King Suten Djoser.
Source:
  1. Sakhara, or Saqqara, home of first Step Pyramid, built by architect
    Imhotep for Pharaoh Djoser III, of the Third Dynasty.  The true
    beginning of the 'Pyramid Age'.  Djoser's monument was the first built
    with a step pyramid that served as both tomb and temple.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 8) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 2680- 2181 B.C.E.
(conflict dates: some
sources place this period
c. 2668-2181 B.C.E.)
Old Kingdom (4th - 6th dynasties)
  1. 4th Dynasty: Teachings of Hordjedef
  2. 4th Dynasty: Teachings of Kagemni
Ghizeh or Giza, home of the largest of the pyramids.  These pyramids were
build during the 4th and 5th Dynasties (c. 2680 - 2270 B.C.E.)
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 8) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
  1. 5th Dynasty: Teachings of Ptah-hotep
  2. 6th Dynasty:
c. 2600–1900 B.C.E.
The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) or Harappan Civilisation was a
Bronze Age civilisation (mature period 2600–1900 BCE) mainly in the
northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast
Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_Valley_Civilisation
c. 2300 - 2050 B.C.E.
First Intermediate Period (7th - 11th dynasties)
  1. 10th dynasty: Teachings of King Merikare'
  2. ~2100 B.C. - 11th dynasty: Songs of the harpist
c. 2055 - 1650 B.C.E.
Middle Kingdom (11th - 12th dynasties)
c. 2000 - 1800 B.C.E.
Second Intermediate Period (13th - 17th dynasties) Middle Empire
c. 1885 B.C.E.
The Book of Coming Forth by Day translated by Sir Ernest A. Wallis Budge
from hieroglyph to English and renamed as 'The Book of the Dead'
c. 1770 - 1665 B.C.E.
Birth of Abraham - the first Hebrew in Asia, at the City of Ur, Chaldea during
its colonial period under African rule to Sun Worshippers (parents).
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)

" for the word Jew which is someone of European descent and Hebrew
which is someone of African descent
, i.e., the word Jew is dated after 538 B.C.
and the word [biblical] Hebrew is dated 1665 B.C. to 538 B.C. Furthermore, the
term Eden is an English translation for Africa which comes from the word
Alkebu-lan [see Carl C. Nichols lecture series "The Bible in Africa."] (1)
Source: (1) Kush, I.K. (2000). Enoch the Ethiopian, Brooklyn: A&B Publishers Group.
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
c. 1675 B.C.E.
First foreign invasion of Alkebu-lan (Africa). Egypt overrun by Hyksos
invaders from the banks of the Oxus River around the so-called "Fertile
Crescent".  These were the first of the so-called "Semetic Peoples" in Africa.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 9) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 1670 B.C.E.
Abraham and family arrived in Africa (Qamt, which the Hebrews are to later
rename Mizrain, today's Moslem's Mizrair, and Christian's Egypt).  Famine
and disease drove the handful of Hebrew shepherds into Africa.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 1590 - 1085 B.C.E.
New Empire
c. 1550 - 1070 B.C.E.
New Kingdom (18th - 20th dynasties)
c. 1514 - 1493 B.C.E.
New Kingdom 18th Dynasty

Amenhotep l

Ahmose’s son and successor, Amenhotep I (ruled c. 1514–1493 BCE),
pushed the Egyptian frontier southward to the Third Cataract, near the
capital of the Karmah (Kerma) state, while also gathering tribute from his
Asiatic possessions and perhaps campaigning in Syria. The emerging
kingdom of Mitanni in northern Syria, which is first mentioned on a stela of
one of Amenhotep’s soldiers and was also known by the name of Nahrin,
may have threatened Egypt’s conquests to the north

Source: KING Tutankhamun ~ FB post ~ 22 October 2020
The African History
22 October 2020

Seated Statue of Amenhotep IV
(Akhenaten)
New Kingdom,

Dynasty reign of Amenhotep
IV/Akhenaten, BC Yellow stone;
Musée du Louvre Paris.

��: Treasures of AncientEgypt |
www.theafricanhistory.com
c. 1479 - 1425 B.C.E.
Tuthmosis III, (Thutmosis or Tuthmosis III, and meaning “Thoth is Born”),
ruled Egypt for almost 54 years, circa 1479 BC to 1425 BC. He was a brilliant
general who never lost a battle; he excelled as an administrator and
statesman. He was an accomplished horseman, archer, athlete and
discriminating patron of the arts.
Painting by Omar Buckley at ramomart.com
c. 1320 B.C.E. (?)
Moses (an African of Qamt) born in Africa.  The supposed "Father of the Old
Testament".
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 1230 B.C.E. (?)
Moses' civil war against Pharaoh Rameses II.  Date of the "Exodus of the
Hebrews" from Succoth to Mount Sinai. (Central Qamt, or Egypt, to Eastern
Qamt)
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 1200 B.C.E. -
400 B.C.E.
(Olmec Civilization)
The mysterious Olmec civilization prospered in Pre-Classical (Formative)
Mesoamerica from c. 1200 BCE to c. 400 BCE and is generally considered the
forerunner of all subsequent Mesoamerican cultures such as the Maya and
Aztecs. Centred in the Gulf of Mexico (now the states of Veracruz and
Tabasco) their influence and trade activity spread from 1200 BCE, even
reaching as far south as present-day Nicaragua. Monumental sacred
complexes, massive stone sculpture, ball games, chocolate drinking and
animal gods were features of Olmec culture which would be passed on to all
those who followed this first great Mesoamerican civilization.

Source: Mark Cartwright ~  https://www.ancient.eu/Olmec_Civilization/
c. 1190 B.C.E. (?)
Date of Moses' disappearance (death)
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 1070 - 664 B.C.E.
Third Intermediate Period (21st - 24th dynasties)
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
c. 727 BC - 350 AD
The Kingdom of Kush
c. 700 - 500 B.C.E.
Pentateuch (Five Books of Moses, Holy Torah, or The Old Testament)
completed and placed into circulation.  A version of The Book of the Coming
Forth by Day and by Night, as distorted by Hebrews living in "Egypt";
supposedly "the ...words of God passed on to Moses...," who allegedly
"...passed them on, word for word, to God-inspired scribes...," etc.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 664 - 323 B.C.E.
Late Period (25th - 31th dynasties)
 
Argead Dynasty
c. 250 - 100 B.C.E.
Septuagint Version of the Pentateuch.  The first Greek Version of the
Hebrew's distortion of The Book of the Coming Forth by Day and by Night
written by seventy-two writers: rabbis and other "scholars" ("God-inspired
scribes" according to the teachings of the Jews, Christians and Moslems).  
This was written at Alexandria, Egypt (North Africa) by African Hebrews.  It
was a compilation of forty-five books, called the Alexandrian Canon.  This
version was used by the earliest Greek and Latin Church.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 10) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
C. 247 - 183 B.C.E.
c. 30 B.C.E.
Ptolemaic Dynasty
c. 30  - 4 B.C.E.
Birth of Jesus the Christ of Nazareth.  Announcement of a Hebrew boy born
of Hebrew (Israelite) parents named Joseph and Mary.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
 
 
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
c. 0 - 33  C.E. or A.D.
B.C.E. transition to C.E./A.D. Era during life of Jesus of Nazareth.
c. 12 C.E. (A.D.)
Jesus the Christ challenges his teachers (Rabbis) in the temple at Jerusalem.  
Jesus sent to Africa to hide from Roman Emperor Herod, to study in the
lodges, and for his initiation in the Mysteries System of Egypt (North Africa).
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 33 C.E. (A.D.)
Jesus the Christ murdered by Romans and Jews.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 52 - 100 C.E. (A.D.)
Koine Bible Version.  First Christian New Testament Bible published and
circulated.  Written in the Greek language.  Parts were written in "Aramaic";
allegedly the "language Jesus the Christ spoke among the common people of
Israel. ...," etc., called the Palestinian Canon Version.  This text was
developed by the Synod of Jamnia as a version of the Pentateuch.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c.320s – c.360 A.D.
Ezana of Axum (Ge'ez: ዔዛና ʿĒzānā unvocalized ዐዘነ ʿzn; also spelled
Aezana or Aizan) was ruler of the Kingdom of Aksum (320s – c. 360AD)
located in present-day Ethiopia, Eritrea, Yemen, southern Saudi Arabia,
northern Somalia, Djibouti, northern Sudan, and southern Egypt. He himself
employed the style (official title) "king of Saba and Salhen, Himyar and Dhu-
Raydan".[1] Tradition states that Ezana succeeded his father Ella Amida
(Ousanas) while still a child and his mother, Sofya served as regent.
322 C.E.
Council of Bishops at Nicene.  This group of Bishops of the Roman Catholic
Church met upon an edict of Emperor Constantine to take action on the
books of the Bible, along with Mary's "Immaculate Conception" and "Virgin
Birth of Jesus the Christ".
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
323 C.E.
Bishops of Nicene on majority vote approved the "Immaculate Conception"
and "Virgin Birth of Jesus the Christ" to Mary.  Jesus the Christ declared to be
"God" -- "The Father, The Son, and Holy Ghost" (today's Spirit).
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
325 C.E.
Council of Nicea where Roman emperor Constantine mandated the
following of Roman Catholic "Christianity" in which the Black Christ, Heru, of
ancient Egypt was changed to Michael Angelo's 'White' version of Jesus
depicted and displayed in many homes and religious places of worship
today.
c. 350 - 400 C.E. (A.D.)
New Testament Canon Version.  The first twenty-seven books.  A revision of
the original total of forthy-five books.
Source: A Chronology of the bible (pg. 11) (Yosef Ben-Jochannan)
c. 520 C.E. (A.D.)
Christ in His kingly character. ... This
painting is nearly 1500 years old and
was found in an Egyptian Church, St.
Catherine Monastery, Sinai, Egypt.

Source: Daniel Haileyesus and Joannes Fey ~
FB Post on 10-09-2017
From the beginning Ethiopian History
is
Human History!



c. 1000 B.C.E. - Present
c. 1000 B.C.E. - Present
King David ~ King Solomon and Queen of Sheba ~ Emperor Menelik I ~
Emperor Haile Selassie I ~ The Crown Council of Ethiopia*
* The Crown Council of Ethiopia represents the Emperor during an
interregnum, such as the one experienced since Our Emperor was deposed
in 1974.

----- excerpt from the Kebra Negast -----

How Queen Makeda Made Her Son King of Ethiopia

On the third day of the celebrations Makeda delivered over to her son
seventeen thousand chosen horses, which were to watch the army of the
enemy, and one thousand chosen mules, apparel of honour, gold and silver
measured by the omer; and she delivered over to her son everything that
was his by law, and the throne of her kingdom.

And the Queen said unto her nobles: "Speak ye now, and swear by the
heavenly Zion that ye will not make women queens or set them upon the
throne of the kingdom of Ethiopia, and that no one except the male seed of
David, the son of Solomon the King, shall ever reign over Ethiopia, and that
ye will never make women queens."  And all the nobles of the king's house
swore, also the governors, the councillors and the administrators.

And she made Almeyas and Azariah the chief of the priests and the chief of
the deacons, and the sons of the mighty men of Israel performed the Law,
together with their King David in the Tabernacle of Witness...
and the
kingdom was made anew.

excerpts from the book... (page 121)
Kebra Negast
(The Glory Of Kings) The True Ark Of The Covenant
Translated & Edited by Miguel F. Brooks
From the beginning
Ethiopian History
is
Human History!
1438 - 1472
Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was constructed as an
estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472)

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machu_Picchu
Jul 23, 1892
This is the date on which Tafari Makonnen was born to Ras Makonnen and
Woziero Yasmibet.
Oct 7, 1928
Ras Tafari Makonnen elevated to the position of Negus (King).
Nov 2, 1930
Dynasty of His Imperial Majesty
Emperor Haile Selassie I
King of kings, Lord of lords, Emperor of Ethiopia;
Conquering Lion from the Tribe of Judah,
Elect of the Creator!
Jul 16, 1931
1st Ethiopian Constitution promulgated to Ethiopian people and the world
by
His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I; making Ethiopia a
Constitutional Monarchy allowing Ethiopians to participate in the
government of their country, Ethiopia.
May 5, 1941
His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I reclaims Ethiopia from the
Italian occupiers.
Nov 4, 1955
Last Ethiopian Constitution promulgated to Ethiopian people and the world
by
His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I.
May 25, 1963
His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I hosts African Leaders in
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and spearheads the creation of the Organization of
African Unity (OAU), now known as the African Union (AU).
Aug 1974
The last time His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I seen in public.
Sep 1974 - current
The Crown Council of Ethiopia lead by H.I.H. Prince Ermias Sahle
Selassie representing the Emperor and throne during this interregnum
currently being experienced.
 
References
The Treasures of Ancient Egypt
A Chronology of the Bible (Challenge to the standard version) by Yosef Ben-Jochannan
 
 
Nothing is hidden from God's view!...
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