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Ethiopian Flag of Emperors of Ethiopia
The Revised Constitution of The Empire of Ethiopia - 1955

The Flag of the Empire consists of three horizontal bands, the
uppermost green, the middle yellow and the nethermost red, in
such detail as is determined by law.
His Imperial Majesty
Emperor Haile Selassie I
The Lion of Judah
The Lion of Judah symbol represents the Solomonic Dynasty of the
Ethiopian Empire and the proper rendition is the Lion facing the
east.  The flag of the last reigning Emperor,
Haile Selassie I, of the
Ethiopian Empire.
The flag with the Lion of Judah (1897–1974).
It remains revered by Rastafarians and people loyal to
His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I.
"The flag with the red, yellow, and green with Our seal "the Lion of Judah hath
prevailed"(Revelation 5:5) is the symbol of Ethiopia's independence, its a symbol of freedom."

"The value of a flag springs from the sacrifices made to defend it, as the symbol of Our
independence. Otherwise there is no difference between a flag and any other piece of cloth.

Our flag is a source of eternal inspiration, loyalty, and a symbol of the sacred duty and
obligation as a soldier - to him it is a moral sentinel." -
Girmawi Qedamawi Haile Selassie
Color and symbolism
"represents the richness and the fertility of our land as well as hope "
"represents religious freedom and peace."
"represents the sacrifice of our fathers, who spilled their blood in defense of Ethiopia"
Upon gaining independence from colonial rule, several newly established countries in Africa
adopted these three colours in homage to Ethiopia's resistance against foreign occupation.
When adopted by Pan-Africanist polities and organizations for their activities, the colours are
often referred to as the Pan-African colours.
Alternative characterization: Red on bottom is for wartimes red on top is for peace. Red on top is
blood of the ancestors. Red on bottom is blood of the enemy.
The green-yellow-red flag appeared in 06 October 1897. It was the flag of Ethiopia that became the
basis for the Pan African colours. Before the end of the Ethiopian Empire the colours were
interpreted as: red for power and faith; yellow for church, peace, natural wealth and love; and
green for land and hope.  
May 10, 2015 ~ Ethiopia - Flags of the World    
The Imperial Standard of Ethiopia
The Imperial Standard is the Ethiopian flag (horizontal Green, Yellow, and
Red stripes) with St. George slaying the Dragon on the back of the flag.
Surrounded with the chain of the Order of Solomon’s seal, and the Lion of
Judah on the front. The Ethiopian Star of Solomon (Star of David with a Cross
Centered on it) would appear on each corner of the standard, front and back.

St. George was one of Ethiopia’s Patron Saints, and was associated
particularly with the Imperial Family and with the Imperial Military forces as

The Battle of Adwa in 1896 which resulted in a resounding victory of
Ethiopia over the colonial forces of Italy took place on the feast day of St.
George, and it is this event that inspired both the construction of Addis
Abeba’s St. George Cathedral (Qidus Giorgis) and the placement of this Saint
on the Imperial Standard, and on the Standard of the Imperial Army.

A very large mosaic of St. George was part of the façade of the Parliament
building in Addis Abeba, but it was painted over by the Derg regime
following the revolution of 1974, and it remains painted over today.

Source: Tsega Tekle Haimanot FB Post ~ 02-09-2019
The Ethiopian Flag and the Pan-African Colors
Originated in Axum, the heart of Ethiopian civilization, the Ethiopian flag is one of the oldest flags in the world, if not the oldest, as
its symbolism has its connection to the rainbow and the Covenant that God made with Noah. Over the many hundreds of years,
thousands of Ethiopians gave their lives to protect what the flag stand for. For Ethiopians, the Ethiopian flag has been the symbol
of unity and solidarity of Ethiopia as one nation. Due to the long and unconquered history of Ethiopia, that island of Christianity,
the Ethiopian flag is one of the most revered in the world and should be held as such.

The colors of the Ethiopian flag are Green (top), Yellow (middle), and Red (bottom) horizontal stripes of equal size. They have
appeared in different orders during different reigns. Before the rectangular tri-color it was displayed as pennants. Also, sometimes
white was substituted for yellow, and blue instead of green. The present form of the flag was adopted by Emperor Menelik II.
Emperor Yohannes IV used other variations and previous monarchs used certain emblems that changed over time.

October 6, 1896 remains a historically significant date in Ethiopian history, as Ethiopia decisively defended itself from Italian
colonization at the Battle of Adwa. A year later from this date is where Emperor Menelik II ordered the three pennants to be
combined in a rectangular tricolor.

It was 39 years later from this victory at Adwa that Ethiopia was once again faced with Italy’s burning desire to colonize Her and
the threat of Her Flag being cancelled. This was crucial, not only for Ethiopia but for Africa, and Blacks all across the world. This
was the fight between Good and Evil. The last remaining independent country in the continent of Africa was at stake of losing its
age-old independence. However, due to the help of the Almighty God, who is beyond great and mighty, and the fierce resolve of the
Ethiopians, Ethiopia stood victorious, and maintained that independence She so much cherished, once again. But this time it would
have a domino effect for the greater good of Africa, because after World War II many African nations, one by one, began to receive
their independence, and upon receiving their independence, many of them copied the Ethiopian flag and adopted some version of
it as their national flag because it was seen as a symbol of freedom, bravery, and independence. Ethiopia stood as the symbol of

What do the various Components of the Ethiopian Flag Represent?

The colors represent various aspects in the history of Ethiopia.

They represent:

Red: The red stripe on the flag stands for faith, power, and blood. Ethiopians have always defended and honored
their territory. This is evident from the fact that they managed to defeat the Italians who aspired to colonize the country.
Historically the facts reveal that Ethiopia is one of the African countries that were never colonized by Europeans. Generally the red
color represents the blood that was spilled by the Ethiopians in the event of trying to safeguard their territory from invasion by

Yellow: The yellow stripe on the flag symbolizes the Church, wealth and love. It also indicates that Ethiopians love peace as
evident by their long durations of political stability. Ethiopia is a rich country. It is known to possess various precious natural

Green: The Green color is always suggestive. It represents life and hope. The green color on the Ethiopian flag represents the
Ethiopian land. It also symbolizes Hope. It is the productive Ethiopian land that has enabled the country to progress economically.

The colors of the flag are also connected to and represent the Holy Trinity.

"The value of a flag springs from the sacrifices made to defend it, as the symbol of Our independence. Otherwise there is no
difference between a flag and any other piece of cloth.

Our flag is a source of eternal inspiration, loyalty, and a symbol of the sacred duty and obligation as a soldier - to him it is a
moral sentinel."
- His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I

Long live Independent Mother Ethiopia.
May God continually bless the entire continent of Africa and her people!

[Below are some of the African countries that share the same colors of the Ethiopian Flag]

Source: Tsega Tekle Haimanot FB Post ~ 02-09-2019
Historical Flags of Ethiopia
Note:  Not able to confirm the actual age of the flag below; however it is consistent with the color arrangements of early Ethiopian flags.
Before the rectangular flag was created,
Ethiopia flew three colored pennants.
Flag of Ethiopia
A year after Ethiopia decisively defended
itself from Italian colonization at the Battle
of Adwa, Menelik II on 6 October 1897
ordered the three pennants combined in a
rectangular tricolor from top to bottom of
red, yellow, and green with the first letter of
his own name (the Amharic letter "ም") on
the central stripe.
Flag of the Ethiopian Empire
In 1914, the flag was reversed to its
current flag. The flag's tri-colour scheme
has existed since the  early 19th century,
and the colours green, yellow, and red,
have carried special importance since
at least the early 17th century.  The red
was then at the top.

Prior to 1996 (and to some extent even
today), the 'plain' flag was commonly
seen across the  nation and the world.
The Imperial Flag of Ethiopia
with the Lion of Judah
It remains popular with the Rastafari
movement and people loyal to
Emperor Haile Selassie I.
War Ensign of the Imperial Ethiopian Navy
Based upon the Blue Ensign.
Flag of Ethiopia (1974–1975)
modified after Haile Selassie's overthrow
by removing the crown from the lion's
head and by  changing the cross finial to a
spear point.
The Imperial Flag (i.e., royal flag) often featured the emblem of a Lion of Judah, a crowned lion carrying a cross centred in the banner's yellow midsection.  The flag is understood to be a link between the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the peoples, and the nation
that was united. The processional cross carried by the lion was the former flag or symbol of Ethiopia, and has likewise been in use since at least the early 17th century.
War Ensign of the Imperial Ethiopian
Navy (1974–1975).
The official flag under the Derg
Essentially the Imperial flag without the
lion. It was seen more than the state flag.

During the Derg regime, a number of
different emblems were experimented with.
However, the basic colour schematic has
remained constant. Even after declaring
itself a Communist regime, the Derg did not
dare to tamper with the colours' layout, but
simply removed and changed the imperial
emblem after Haile Selassie I's overthrow.
The state flag under the Derg
Rarely seen, and a forerunner to the flag
introduced in 1987
Source: Historical Flags of Ethiopia Wikipedia
The flag of the People's Democratic
Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991)
introduced the current ratio of 1:2

An alternative emblem featuring a five
pointed star and rays over a cogwheel
surrounded by a wreath of leaves was a
featured emblem.
The flag of the Transitional Government of
Ethiopia (1991–1996). It is the
same as the 1975–1987 official flag, except
for the ratio. It's still widely
accepted by majority of Ethiopians and the
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo
Church also uses the flag, the Green, Yellow
and Red as an official symbol of the
church. Many still believe that this flag
should and will be the official flag of the
The state flag of the Transitional
Government of Ethiopia, adopted on 28
The flag of the Federal Democratic
Republic of Ethiopia from 6 February to
31 October 1996.  Its central disc is
smaller and brighter than in the current
The current flag.
Alternative depictions of the Imperial Flag of Ethiopia
The lion is the old emblem of the
emperor, and was part of the first
Ethiopian flag hoisted on 06 October
1897, but then the order of the colours
were red over yellow over green.
The Ethiopia tricolour, with the Lion of
Judah on one side and St George slaying
the dragon on the other, each encircled by
the collar of the Order of Solomon's
Seal, in each corner of the standard the
badge of the order (a Star of David with
a cross).
On his appointment to the Order of the
Garter in 1954 the Emperor ordered
the Imperial Flag of  Ethiopia be adorned
with the collar of the Order of
Solomon's Seal with each corner of the  
standard the badge of he order (a
Star of David with a cross) representing
him as "Emperor of
Ethiopia" and "The Conquering Lion of the
Tribe of Judah."
At the College of Arms (UK) website, an
article on Haile Selassie I says:

"On his appointment to the Order of the
Garter in 1954 the Emperor at first
asked that he be allotted two stalls in St
George's Chapel, one for him as
Emperor of Ethiopia, and the other for him
as The Conquering Lion of the Tribe
of Judah."

"A compromise was reached and he
accepted one stall but with the banner
hanging above it having different devices on
either side to represent his dual
It would be interesting to find out what
those devices were.  However, it may be
similar argument to why the old Ethiopian
flag had two sides, one with a lion
and one with the dragon.  ~ Nathan Lamm
and Santiago Dotor, 20 May 2004
Regional Flags of Ethiopia
Ethiopia is currently split into nine different Regions. The Afar Region, the Harari Region, the Gambela Region, the Oromia Region,
the Somali Region, the Tigray Region, the Benishangul-Gumuz Region, the Amhara Region, and the Southern Nations, Nationalities,
and Peoples' Region, each with their own flag.
Afar Region
Amhara Region
Benishangul-Gumuz Region
Gambela Region
Harari Region
Oromia Region
Somali Region
Southern Nations, Nationalities and
Peoples Region
Tigray Region
Source: Regional Flags of Ethiopia Wikipedia
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